Out of the storm of the civil war a new system of power emerged in the Russian republic, denoted by the term war communism. When the Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 they had no detailed blueprint for the future communist society but they did have some general principles derived from the writings of Marx and from over half a century of struggle against capitalism, other socialists, and the autocracy. Bolshevism differed as much from the communist project as Russia differed from Western Europe. It was a phenomenon which blended elements of the socialist tradition with the mechanics of achieving and power.
KeywordsCivil Society Trade Union Political Sphere Party Organisation Party Committee
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