Discipline, as previously defined for the purposes of this study, is the external coercion to perform assigned duties. Internal discipline is the willingness to voluntarily perform duties for some physical or psychological rewards. External discipline is imposed upon soldiers by the threat of some physical or psychological punishment or deprivation.


Armed Force Polish Force American Soldier Polish Military High Morale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Notes and References

  1. 3.
    John Baynes, Morale (London: Cossall, 1967)Google Scholar
  2. 12.
    A. Artyomov, ‘Military Discipline’, Soviet Military Review no. 5 (May 1984) p. 36.Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    Edward F. Sherman, ‘Justice in the Military’, in James Finn (ed.) Conscience and Command (New York: Random House, 1971) pp. 26–27.Google Scholar
  4. 25.
    Anthony Terry, ‘German Officers Rebel Against Hippy Army’, Sunday Times (London), 18 June 1971, cited by Richardson, Fighting Spirit p.137.Google Scholar
  5. 38.
    Bohdan Swiatkiewicz, ‘Zolnierze z inicjatywa’ [Soldiers with initiative], Zolnierz Wolnosci 29 July 1970, p.3.Google Scholar

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© Edmund Walendowski 1988

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