Although small unit cohesion is vital in maintaining fighting spirit, it is not the only major contributive factor. One must consider the national and/or societal goals for which soldiers may be sacrificing their lives. The second determinant variable of combat motivation is ideology and, as already defined, it is the soldiers’ commitment to, and belief in the values and goals of their nation and/or society. This variable encompasses the historical and cultural characteristics of a nation and its society.


Polish Officer Armed Force Polish Force Polish Military Warsaw Pact 
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Notes and References

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    Jerzy J. Wiatr, Spoleczenstwo Polityka Nauka [Contemporary Political Science] (Warsaw: 1973), pp.205–206.Google Scholar
  8. 21.
    Stefan Nowak, ‘Values and Attitudes of the Polish People’, Scientific American vol. 245, no. 1 (July 1981) p. 53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Stewart Steven, The Poles (New York: Macmillan, 1982) pp. 156–157.Google Scholar
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    M. K. Dziewanowski, Poland in the 20th Century (New York: Columbia University Press, 1977) pp. 36–37.Google Scholar
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    Stephen D. Wesbrook, ‘Sociopolitical alienation and Military Efficiency’, Armed Forces and Society vol.6, no.2 (Winter 1980) p.172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Edmund Walendowski 1988

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