• Martyn Corbett


Byron began writing Manfred at the end of September 1816, after he returned from his short tour of the Bernese Oberland. Shelley, in whose company he had spent that summer, had by then returned to England and Byron was preparing to leave Geneva for Italy. He was accompanied on his tour by Hobhouse and kept a short journal of his experiences, intended for presentation to his half-sister, Augusta Leigh. This journal he claimed, contained ‘the germs’ of Manfred (BLJ 5 268).


Occult Power Final Scene Opening Scene Dramatic Situation Short Journal 
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© Martyn Corbett 1988

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  • Martyn Corbett

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