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  • Martyn Corbett

Abstract

Byron began writing Manfred at the end of September 1816, after he returned from his short tour of the Bernese Oberland. Shelley, in whose company he had spent that summer, had by then returned to England and Byron was preparing to leave Geneva for Italy. He was accompanied on his tour by Hobhouse and kept a short journal of his experiences, intended for presentation to his half-sister, Augusta Leigh. This journal he claimed, contained ‘the germs’ of Manfred (BLJ 5 268).

Keywords

Occult Power Final Scene Opening Scene Dramatic Situation Short Journal 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    Chew (England) p.21 n.4; also Leslie A. Marchand, Byron a Biography, (3 vols) (New York, 1957) p.699.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Peter L. Thorslev, The Byronic Hero: Types and Prototypes (Minneapolis, 1962) p.165.Google Scholar
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    Charles E. Robinson, Shelley and Byron: The Snake and Eagle Wreathed in Flight(Baltimore, 1976) p.59: Robinson calls Manfred ‘an anti-Shelleyan tract’.Google Scholar
  13. 23.
    The most egregious being that of his Byron’s grandson, Ralph, Earl of Lovelace in his Astarte (London, 1921). But see also G. Wilson Knight, Lord Byron’s Marriage: The Evidence of Asterisks (London, 1957).Google Scholar
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    W. Paul Elledge, Byron and the Dynamics of Metaphor (Nashville, 1968) p.87.Google Scholar
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    John W. Ehrstine, The Metaphysics of Byron (The Hague, 1976) p.13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 40.
    His incestchrw… is too much of a special case’, M.K. Joseph, Byron the Poet (London, 1964).Google Scholar
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    See William Beckford, Vathek, ed. Roger Lonsdale (London, 1970) pp.111–12.Google Scholar
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    Maurice D. Quinlan, ‘Byron’s Manfred and Zoroastrianism’, JEGP, 57 (October 1958), pp. 726–38.Google Scholar
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    See note 41 above. I have found A.N. Williams Jackson’s Zoroastrian Studies: The Iranian Religion and Other Monographs (New York, 1928) useful in this area.Google Scholar
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    G. Wilson Knight, Poets of Action (London, 1967) p.200.Google Scholar

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© Martyn Corbett 1988

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  • Martyn Corbett

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