Demographic and Health Trends in the Elderly

  • Michael Alderson

Abstract

This chapter sets out information on the demographic changes that have occurred this century in England and Wales, with particular emphasis on aspects related to the elderly. It then considers what is known about the major diseases killing the elderly and trends in these diseases, and reviews other statistics on the health problems of the elderly. The scope is restricted to routine statistics; data are available on mortality from all causes, cancer trends (incidence and survival as well as mortality), diagnoses for hospital in-patients, sample material from three periodic studies on contact in primary medical care, and annual surveys on the general level of disability in the population. Consideration is given to the facilities and support that are utilised in caring for the elderly, and an attempt is made to identify the proportion of the population by age and sex receiving care from the main agencies. Limited material is also available on selected facets of ‘behaviour’: diet, alcohol consumption and smoking. Consideration of these issues is relevant to the health of the general population and health of the elderly. The final section discusses projections of the elderly population over the coming forty years in the United Kingdom and considers the possible degree of handicap in these elderly.

Keywords

Smoke Nephritis Bronchitis Arthropathy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acheson, R. M. and Williams, D. D. R. (1983). Does consumption of fruit and vegetables protect against stroke? Lancet, i, 1911Google Scholar
  2. Alderson, M. R. (1983). An Introduction to Epidemiology, 2nd edn. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Alderson, M. R. and Ashwood, F. (1985). Projection of mortality rates for the elderly. Pop. Trends, 42, 22Google Scholar
  4. Cancer Research Campaign (1982). Trends in Cancer Survival in Great Britain: Registrations 1960–74. Cancer Research Campaign, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Central Statistical Office (1987). Annual Abstract of Statistics 1987. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Department of Health and Social Security (1984). The Facilities and Services of the Mental Illness and Mental Handicap Hospitals in England 1980–81. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Department of Health and Social Security, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, and Welsh Office (1984). Hospital In-patient Enquiry, main tables, 1982, England. Series MB4, No. 21. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Harris, A. I., Cox, E. and Smith, C. R. W. (1971). Handicapped and Impaired in Great Britain. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Lee, P. N. (1976). Statistics of Smoking in the UK, 7th edn. Tobacco Research Council, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Logan, W. P. D. and Cushion, A. A. (1958). Morbidity Statistics from General Practice, Vol. 1: General. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984). Household Food Consumption and Expenditure: 1982 (Annual Report of the National Food Survey Committee). HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1985a). Mortality Statistics: Serial Tables 1841–1980, England and Wales. DHI, No. 15. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1985b). Mortality Statistics: Cause, England and Wales, 1984. DH2, No. 11. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1985c). General Household Survey 1983. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1986). Mortality Statistics, England and Wales, 1984. DH1, No. 16. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1987). Mortality Statistics: Cause, England and Wales, 1985. DH2, No. 12. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Registrar General (1914). Supplement to the 75th Annual Report of the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages in England and Wales, 1901–10. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Royal College of General Practitioners, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, and Department of Health and Social Security (1974). Morbidity Statistics from General Practice 1970–71 (Second National Study). SMPS 26. HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Royal College of General Practitioners, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, and Department of Health and Social Security (1986). Morbidity Statistics from General Practice (Third National Study 1981–82). HMSO, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editors and the Contributors 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Alderson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations