No less than their pre-industrial counterparts, modern democracies find courts indispensable political institutions. At a minimum, those accused of crime must be adjudged guilty or innocent and a legal forum has to be provided for settling the multitude of disputes that emanate from an advanced industrial society. Often, of course, courts are also connected to channels that lead more directly to the seats of political influence.


Political Elite Judicial Review Legal Tradition Legal Culture Legal Philosophy 
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  1. 1.
    John H. Merryman, The Civil Law Tradition (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1969), p. 2Google Scholar
  2. quoted in Henry Ehrmann, Comparative Legal Cultures (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1976), p. 8.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    For a thorough analysis, see Lawrence B. Mohr, ‘Organizations, Decisions, and Courts’, Law and Society Review (Summer, 1976) pp. 621–42.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    See the review essay by Donald Kommers, ‘Comparative Judicial Review and Constitutional Politics’, World Politics, XXVII (January, 1975), pp. 282–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Jerold L. Waltman and Kenneth M. Holland 1988

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  • Jerold L. Waltman

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