All of the Chicago sociologists so far considered have been well aware both of the moral issues raised by American liberalism and of the practical constraints and opportunities flowing from American capitalism. Their responses to these pressures have inclined towards two broad approaches which may be labelled those of the ‘activist’ and the ‘persuader’. None of the scholars discussed falls exclusively into one or the other of these rather arbitrary categories but most display a preference. Nearest to the activist pole is W. I. Thomas. William Ogburn and Louis Wirth each straddle the two categories. Closest to the persuader pole is Albion Small. Robert Park and Morris Janowitz both have strong leanings in that direction.
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