One: 1978

  • Mark Urban


15 April 1978. Mir Akber Khyber, a leading figure in the Parcham faction of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) is shot dead. There is outrage among the intelligentsia in Kabul. They believe he has been murdered by agents of President Mohammed Daoud.


Secret Police Daily Telegraph Deputy Prime Minister Central Corps Islamic Party 
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  1. 1.
    Fred Halliday, ‘Revolution in Afghanistan’, New Left Review, no. 112, November–December 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Louis Dupree, Afghanistan (Princeton, 1980). Some Western estimates of the casualties ran as high as 10 000 (Daily Telegraph, 2 May 1978); Taraki’s own claim was that less than 100 had died.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 9.
    Thomas Hammond, Red Flag Over Afghanistan (Westview Press, 1984).Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Louis Dupree, ‘Afghanistan Under the Khalq’, Problems of Communism, no. 28, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    A. Hyman, Afghanistan Under Soviet Domination (Macmillan, 1984).Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    IISS, The Military Balance 1976–77 (London, 1976).Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    Kalim Bahadur, in Afghanistan In Crisis (Vikas, 1981).Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    US Department of Defense, Area Handbook For Afghanistan (Washington, DC, 1973).Google Scholar
  9. 29.
    Taraki’s speech reported in Keesings Contemporary Archives, 20 October 1978.Google Scholar
  10. 30.
    Interview with Brigadier Arab Khan in Afghanistan Information Centre Bulletin, no. 12, 1982.Google Scholar
  11. 36.
    Fred Halliday, ‘War and Revolution in Afghanistan’, New Left Review, no. 119, Jan.–Feb. 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mark L. Urban 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Urban
    • 1
  1. 1.The IndependentUK

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