Building Maintenance Problems and Their Solution—IV

Joinery, Corrosion of Metals, Plastics, Plasterwork, External Renderings, Internal Finishings, Decorations and Glazing
  • Ivor H. Seeley
Part of the Building and Surveying Series book series (BASS)


Good-quality joinery should be free from cracks, large or loose knots and rough or raised grain. The softer, lighter spring grain has a tendency to greater shrinkage with the possibility of the darker, harder autumn grain being raised on the surface. Careful selection and proper conversion of the timber will assist in minimising this defect and a good standard of rubbing down with glasspaper by the painter will also help. External joinery which contains too much sapwood may deteriorate and shrink and cause fracture of the paint film. In extreme cases, rotting may occur beneath the paint film. It is now well established that external window joinery made from present-day supplies of redwood (Pinus sylvestris) is liable to decay within a few years, because of the presence of a large proportion of sapwood in the timber. Sapwood offers little resistance to wood-destroying fungi, and soon decays if it remains wet. This has resulted in the widespread adoption of preservative treatment of redwood joinery timber since the mid 1970s. On the other hand, Western red cedar and Douglas fir with no sapwood have sufficient natural resistance to decay without preservative treatment.1


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    BRE Princes Risborough Laboratory. Technical Note 24: Preservative treatments for external softwood joinery timber (1982)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    BRE Princes Risborough Laboratory. Technical Note 29: Ensuring good service life for window joinery (1974)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    BRE Digest 73. Prevention of decay in external joinery (1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    BRE Digest 304. Preventing decay in external joinery (1985)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Oliver. Can paint call a halt to development of rot? Chartered Surveyor Weekly (2 August 1984)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    BRE Digest 262. Selection of windows by performance (1982)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    BRE Digest 175. Choice of glues for wood (1975)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    British Standards Institution. BS 6566: Plywood. Part 7: 1985 Specification for classification of resistance to fungal decay and wood borer attack. Part 8: 1985 Specification for bond performance of veneer plywoodGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    BRE Defect Action Sheet 69. External walls: joints with windows and doors—application of sealants (1985)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Sinnott. DOE Construction 8: Quality of surface finish in new homes. HMSO (December 1973)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. D. Mills (Ed.). Building Maintenance and Preservation. Butterworths (1980)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    BRE Digest 301. Corrosion of metals by wood (1985)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    BRE Digest 69. Durability and application of plastics (1977)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. J. Gibson (Ed.). Developments in Building Maintenance—1. Applied Science Publishers (1979)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    British Standards Institution. BS 6262: 1982 Code of practice for glazing for buildingsGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    BRE Digest 224. Cellular plastics for building (1979)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    BRE Digest 213. Choosing specifications for plastering (1978)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    BRE Digest 196. External rendered finishes (1976)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    BRE Defect Action Sheet 38. External walls: rendering—application (1983)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    DOE Construction 4: External wall tiling with cement:sand bedding. HMSO (December 1972)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    DOE Construction 5: External wall tiling with adhesives. HMSO (March 1973)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    I. H. Seeley. Building Technology. Macmillan (1986)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    British Standards Institution. BS 6150: 1982 British Standard code of practice for painting of buildingsGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Local Government Operational Research Unit. Report C144. Hospital building maintenance—can decision making be improved? HMSO (1972)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Local Government Operational Research Unit. Report D2. How often should you paint? HMSO (1970)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    DOE. Costs in Use: A Study of 24 Crown Office Buildings. HMSO (1971)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    I. H. Seeley. Blight on Britains Buildings: A Survey of Paint and Maintenance Practice. Paintmakers Association (1984)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    BRE Digest 261. Painting woodwork (1982)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    BRE Digest 197. Painting walls. Part 1: Choice of paint (1982)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    BRE Digest 198. Painting walls. Part 2: Failures and remedies (1984)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    BRE Digest 140. Double glazing and double windows (1980)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ivor H. Seeley 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivor H. Seeley
    • 1
  1. 1.The Nottingham Trent UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations