In The Nature of Revolution, Carleton Beals wrote, ‘Like birth and death, revolution is violent change. Mostly an ugly process, it wears the visage of hope for a better, juster (sic) world, to achieve for which no sacrifice is too great.’1 Revolution arises out of a hope for human perfection, and out of the belief that with determination and faith, Utopia is possible.2 In the case of Russia after 1917, those who desired change had a formidable task before them. A wealthy élite had, prior to the revolution, sat atop a giant festering mass of humanity which was growing increasingly aware of its own discontent. This discontent gathered itself and exploded, manifesting in the youthful revolutionary generation of 1917.


Chinese Cultural Successful Completion Economic History Cultural Revolution Historical Literature 
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  1. 1.
    Carlton Beals, The Nature of Revolution (New York: Thomas Y. Cromwell C., 1970) p. 2.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Peter Calvert, A Study of Revolution (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970) p. 120.Google Scholar

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© Ann Todd Baum 1987

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