Limit State Design

  • W. H. Mosley
  • J. H. Bungey
Chapter

Abstract

The design of an engineering structure must ensure that (1) under the worst loadings the structure is safe, and (2) during normal working conditions the deformation of the members does not detract from the appearance, durability or performance of the structure. Despite the difficulty in assessing the precise loading and variations in the strength of the concrete and steel, these requirements have to be met. Three basic methods using factors of safety to achieve safe, workable structures have been developed; they are
  1. (1)

    The permissible stress method in which ultimate strengths of the materials are divided by a factor of safety to provide design stresses which are usually within the elastic range.

     
  2. (2)

    The load factor method in which the working loads are multiplied by a factor of safety.

     
  3. (3)

    The limit state method which multiplies the working loads by partial factors of safety and also divides the materials’ ultimate strengths by further partial factors of safety.

     

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Copyright information

© W. H. Mosley and J. H. Bungey 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. H. Mosley
    • 1
  • J. H. Bungey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of LiverpoolUK

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