Colonial Policy, Economic Development and Welfare 1943–5
It has been seen that the summer of 1943 marks a watershed in the wartime history of metropolitan policy towards the colonial empire. Stanley’s speech in July (DOC 21) signified the end of that fitful process of restating imperial goals begun in the dreary conditions of 1938–9 and hastened forward by the demands of war. The piecemeal definition of goals for colonial territories had played an important part in the evolution of Britain’s publicly-stated war aims, contributing its mite to moral uplift, public order, and goodwill among the Allies. The Colonial Office, with its additional responsibility for mobilizing colonial resources, had found its hands strengthened. Stanley’s s confidence, however, did not spring simply from a sense of relief and achievement; it also reflected the growth of general concern with the future. Hasty improvisation and day-to-day preoccupation with survival had given way in many places to the routines of war. In the breathing-space thus provided, serious government thinking about reconstruction began early in 1943. The Labour Party published its views on post-war colonial policy in March.
KeywordsColonial Government Colonial Policy Domestic Welfare Imperial Government Real Weakness
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