Strategy and structure

  • Cliff Bowman
  • David Asch


In this chapter we examine the contingency factors which influence the structuring of organisations. These factors, which can be regarded for the moment as independent variables, have a significant impact on the design of the organisation. Effective structuring requires a degree of congruence between the contingency factors and the organisation’s structures and processes. Four categories of contingency factors will be considered in this chapter: age and size; growth; the technical system and the environment. A fifth, power, is considered separately in Chapter 13.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chandler, A. D. (1962) Strategy and Structure (Boston, Massachusetts: MIT).Google Scholar
  2. Channon, D. (1973) The Strategy and Structure of British Enterprise (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  3. Franko, L. (1974) ‘The Move Towards a Multi-Divisional Structure in European Organisations’ Administrative Science Quarterly, 19.Google Scholar
  4. Galbraith, J. K. (1967) The New Industrial State (London: Hamish Hamilton).Google Scholar
  5. Galbraith, J. R. and Nathanson, D. A. (1978) Strategy Implementation: The Role of Structure and Process (St Paul, Minnesota: West) pp. 90–1.Google Scholar
  6. Greiner, L. E. (1972) ‘Evolution and Revolution as Organisations Grow’ Harvard Business Review, July—August.Google Scholar
  7. Lawrence, P. R. and Lorsh, J. W. (1967) Organisation and Environment (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard).Google Scholar
  8. Mintzberg, H. (1979) The Structuring of Organisations (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall).Google Scholar
  9. Porter, M. E. (1980) Competitive Strategy (New York: Free Press).Google Scholar
  10. Pugh, D. S. (ed.) (1984) Organisation Theory (Harmondsworth: Penguin) pp. 394–416.Google Scholar
  11. Rumelt, R. (1974) Strategy, Structure and Economic Performance (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard).Google Scholar
  12. Stamper, J. T. (1984) ‘Evolution in Aerospace Engineering Organisation’ Aerospace, April.Google Scholar
  13. Thompson, J. D. (1967) Organisations in Action (New York: McGraw-Hill).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cliff Bowman and David Asch 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cliff Bowman
    • 1
  • David Asch
    • 2
  1. 1.Cranfield School of ManagementUK
  2. 2.The Open UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations