In this chapter we examine the contingency factors which influence the structuring of organisations. These factors, which can be regarded for the moment as independent variables, have a significant impact on the design of the organisation. Effective structuring requires a degree of congruence between the contingency factors and the organisation’s structures and processes. Four categories of contingency factors will be considered in this chapter: age and size; growth; the technical system and the environment. A fifth, power, is considered separately in Chapter 13.
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