Typical Violence, Normal Precaution: Men, Women and Interpersonal Violence in England, Wales, Scotland and the USA

  • Elizabeth A. Stanko
Part of the Explorations in Sociology book series (EIS)


Victimisation surveys note that individuals commonly fail to report criminal incidents to the police. Only about one-third of all serious crime is reported to the police in the United States and England, Wales and Scotland (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1983; Chambers and Tombs, 1984; Hough and Mayhew, 1983 and 1985). Researchers have noted that failure to report crime involves assessments of individuals about how ‘private’ they feel the dispute is; the fear of reprisal for reporting the matter to police; the feeling that the police would not think the matter serious; that, even if reported, nothing could be done to resolve the matter; or that despite its statutory seriousness, the matter was not important enough to report to the police (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1983; Hough and Mayhew, 1983 and 1985; Chambers and Tombs, 1984). As such, reporting of serious criminal events to the criminal justice system also reflects the confidence of individuals in the authority of the police to resolve disputes involving criminal matters.


Sexual Assault Sexual Harassment Interpersonal Violence Justice Statistics Victimisation Survey 
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  1. 1.
    See also, Jill Radford, ‘Policing Male Violence—Policing Women’, Chapter 3 in this volume.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See also, Sandra McNeill, ‘Flashing: Its Effects on Women’, Chapter 8 in this volume.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© British Sociological Association 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. Stanko

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