Industrial Profiles and Industrial Mobility
Industries form the backbone structure of an economy and determine, to a large extent, the range of occupations on offer. There has been surprisingly little discussion of the role women’s employment has played and is playing in the industrial structure, in comparison with much more extensive consideration of women’s occupations. The changes in women’s employment which have occurred since the Second World War have been clearly linked to industrial changes in Britain. Women’s employment has increased in the growing services sector and many of their jobs have been part time. If we are interested in the relationships between the structure of opportunities in the economy and women’s employment experiences, we should not omit a consideration of the industrial categories of women’s work.
KeywordsManufacturing Industry Service Industry Occupational Mobility Scientific Service Service Profile
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Notes and References
- 1.This type of profile may well be the experience of a much larger proportion of the population of British women in so far as it can represent all farmers’ wives — although they may not always see themselves as employed in the normal sense.Google Scholar
- 2.In a few cases nurses who moved between the public and private sector as nurses had a ‘services’ profile.Google Scholar
- 3.See Sleeper (1975) for references to these views.Google Scholar
- 4.A study of 1971 black and white school leavers by Dex (1982) found that individuals ended up with jobs in the distribution industry when they had failed to get their preferred job choice.Google Scholar
- 5.There is obviously more than one job per person in most cases. Women were asked for their reasons for leaving and these were multicoded. They were also asked for their main reason for leaving. It is only these ‘main reasons’ which have been included in this analysis.Google Scholar
- 6.We are including here leaving a job either because of redundancy or dismissal.Google Scholar