‘The world system does not just persist, it changes’: the truth of this statement should be so obvious as to require no special pleading. Sadly, though, this is not always the case. This review of radical development geography has identified a sub-discipline poised uncertainly between two different intellectual traditions. On the one hand lies the path of dogma and determinism (wherein capitalism and its laws of motion are assumed to remain essentially unchanged in time and space). On the other hand lies the path of critical engagement (wherein the emphasis is upon capitalism’s temporal and spatial variation and its conditions of existence). Quite which tradition will prevail is not yet clear, as there are pointers in both directions.1 At stake, though, are two issues of real importance; two issues which have run throughout this book and to which I must return in this conclusion.
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