Pesticides and the Politics of International Regulation
Agricultural technologies have continued to change. While a number of developments in areas of biological control and other methods for attacking agricultural pests appear to have significant potential for the future, it also seems to be the case that the more traditionally conceived chemical strategies of the last half-century will remain well into the next. These form a corner-stone of modern agribusiness practice in the developed countries. Agricultural progress in developing countries is inconceivable without them. Despite technical and practical difficulties in evaluating crop losses due to pests, and the willingness of statistics to allow themselves to be manipulated by any passing vested interest, there is clear evidence that such losses are proportionately large, would be still greater without the availability of pesticide chemicals, and will continue to constrain the rate of growth of food productivity. Regulatory dilemmas arise because of the costs associated with the widespread use of toxic chemicals in terms of human health and environmental conservation. Sporadic outbreaks of pests are also reminders of the limits to efficacy set by problems of insect resistance, or, as in the re-emergence of citrus canker in Florida in 1984, of the restricted area of protection afforded by any form of defence.
KeywordsPesticide Residue International Regulation Good Laboratory Practice Citrus Canker Regulatory Question
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