The Course of Rents in the Age of Malthus

  • G. E. Mingay


In Malthus’s day rents formed a major element of the national income. The researches of Phyllis Deane and W. A. Cole indicate that at the beginning of the nineteenth century land accounted for more than half of British national capital, and rents produced a fifth of the national income. Farm capital also loomed large in the total capital stock, accounting in 1832 for as much as a fifth of the country’s capital other than land.1


Corn Depression Shipping Income Expense 


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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    P. Deane and W. A. Cole, British Economic Growth 1688–1959 (Cambridge, 1962) pp. 301, 304, 306.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. J. Thompson, in ‘An Enquiry into the Rent of Agricultural Land in England and Wales during the Nineteenth Century’ Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, LXX (1907)Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    reprinted in W. E. Minchinton (ed.), Essays in Agrarian History, II (Newton Abbot, 1968) p. 79, estimated that landlords’ investment in drainage, fencing, roads and buildings averaged £12 per acre, and with repairs and upkeep accounted for all but 22.5 per cent of the rent. This figure may have been higher, however, in the early nineteenth century.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Quoted in G. E. Mingay, The Gentry (London, 1976) p. 85.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Roebuck, Constable of Everingham Estate Correspondence 1726–43 (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Leeds, 1976) pp. 9–10, 15–16.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. E. Mingay, Arthur Young and His Times (London, 1975) pp. 47–8.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Richards, The Leviathan of Wealth (London, 1973) p. 29.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    G. E. Mingay, English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century (London, 1963) pp. 271–2.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    J. D. Chambers and G. E. Mingay, The Agricultural Revolution 1750–1880 (London, 1966 ) pp. 111–12.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    G. Hueckel, ‘Relative Prices and Supply Response in English Agriculture During the Napoleonic Wars’, Economic History Review, 2nd series, XXIX (1976) 405.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    See T. Tooke, History of Prices, vol. 1 (London, 1838) p. 326;Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    F. M. L. Thompson, English Landed Society in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1963) pp. 217–20;Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. G. Hunt, ‘Agricultural Rent in South-East England 1788–1825’, Agricultural History Review, VII (1959) 100.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. J. Thompson, loc. cit., 60; L. P. Adams, Agricultural Depression and Farm Relief in England 1813–1852 (London, 1932) p. 33.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    D. G. Barnes, A History of the English Corn Laws (London, 1930) pp. 148, 151.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    P. James, Population Malthus (London, 1979) p. 276.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael Turner 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Mingay

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