As Europe was beginning to settle down into comparative quiet after two decades of turmoil, so did new troubles flare up in many parts of Asia. Some of these problems had considerable ‘Cold War’ overtones, but many of them were difficult for either side to evaluate in simple and familiar ‘Cold War’ terms. The emerging regimes of Asia presented many problems for the formulators of policy in western countries. Traditionally the United States had favoured withdrawal of imperial control from colonial dependencies: a policy she applied in the immediate aftermath of war to her own territory, the Philippines. For such reasons British policy towards possessions in and near the Indian subcontinent was approved in Washington. The Dutch, however, took a very different view of nationalist movements in the Netherlands East Indies, which they continued to fight — against the advice of British and Americans alike — right into 1949, when at last Indonesia achieved effective independence. Already, in the late 1940s, the long, complex and exceedingly dangerous conflict in French Indo-China and its successors, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, had commenced.
KeywordsEurope Flare Assure Military Position Defend
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