In 1954 the former commander of the 12. Infantry Division, the retired general Gerhard Engel, concluded his survey of this formation’s history with the following words:

Thus ended the battles of the 12.I.D., always fairly conducted, though tough and bitter. Its name, its coat of arms and its weapons have remained unsullied till the very last day, as even the enemy has conceded.1


Combat Unit German Army German Soldier Junior Officer Winter Clothes 
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Notes and References

  1. 14.
    N. Stone, The Eastern Front, 1914–17 (London, 1975) pp. 82, 168, 183–4Google Scholar
  2. W. Rutherford, The Russian Army in World War I (London, 1975) pp. 135, 149–53, 157Google Scholar
  3. S. Washburn, On the Russian Front in World War I (New York, 1982) pp. 143–5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Omer Bartov 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omer Bartov
    • 1
  1. 1.PrincetonUSA

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