The main question posed by this study is what were the causes of the barbarisation of German troops on the Eastern Front during the Second World War? More specifically, this book is an attempt to examine the relationship between the conditions at the front, the social and educational background of the junior officers and political indoctrination on the one hand, and the criminal activities of the army in the East on the other hand. That a research of this kind is necessary, both from the factual and the methodological points of view, can be demonstrated by a brief survey of the available literature dealing with these issues.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    E. von Manstein, Aus Einem Soldatenleben (Bonn, 1958) pp. 353–4. See also his Verlorene Siege 2nd edn (Frankfurt/M., 1964) pp. 7–8Google Scholar
  2. K. Doenitz, Memoirs, 2nd edn (London, 1959) pp. 299–314Google Scholar
  3. H. Guderian, Panzer Leader, 3rd edn (London, 1977) pp. 458–64Google Scholar
  4. Kesselring, The Memoirs (London, 1953) pp. 314–15Google Scholar
  5. S. Westphal, The German Army in the West (London, 1951) pp. 3–18.Google Scholar
  6. H. Baumann (ed.), Die 35. Infanterie-Division im 2. Weltkrieg (Karlsruhe, 1964) pp. 12–14Google Scholar
  7. R. Grams, Die 14. Panzer-Division (Bad Nauheim, 1957) p. 8; C. Wagener, Heeresgruppe Süd (Bad Nauheim, n.d.) pp. 11, 342Google Scholar
  8. H. Teske, Die Silberne Spiegel (Heidelberg, 1952)Google Scholar
  9. F. von Schlabrendorff, The Secret War Against Hitler (London, 1966) passim.Google Scholar
  10. 4.
    F. L. Carsten, The Reichswehr and Politics, 2nd edn (Berkeley: California, 1973)Google Scholar
  11. G. A. Craig, The Politics of the Prussian Army, 3rd edn (London, 1978)Google Scholar
  12. K-J Müller, Das Heer und Hitler (Stuttgart, 1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. R. J. O’Neill, The German Army and the Nazi Party (London, 1966)Google Scholar
  14. J. W. Wheeler-Bennett, The Nemesis of Power, 2nd edn (London, 1980).Google Scholar
  15. 6.
    E. Wolf, ‘Political and Moral Motives Behind the Resistance’, in H. Graml et al., The German Resistance to Hitler (London, 1970) p. 232.Google Scholar
  16. K-J Müller, General Ludwig Beck (Boppard am Rhein, 1980).Google Scholar
  17. 7.
    L. Dawidowicz, ‘German Historians and National Socialism’, Zmanim, II (in the Hebrew language, 1979)Google Scholar
  18. H. Herzfeld, ‘Germany: After the Catastrophe’, JCH, II (1967) 79–91Google Scholar
  19. M. Howard, Studies in War and Peace 10th edn (London, 1970) pp. 110–21Google Scholar
  20. D. T. Williams, ‘The Historiography of World War II’, in E. M. Robertson (ed.), The Origins of the Second World War, 5th edn (London, 1979) pp. 40–2.Google Scholar
  21. 8.
    B. B. Ferencz, An International Criminal Court (London, 1980) pp. 54–77, 83–90, 469–501Google Scholar
  22. G. M. Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary (New York, 1947)Google Scholar
  23. W. Maser, Nuremberg (London, 1979) pp. 93–130.Google Scholar
  24. 9.
    H-A. Jacobsen, ‘Kommissarbefehl und Massenexekutionen Sowjetische Kriegsgefangener’, in H. Buchheim et al., Anatomie des SS-Staates (Olten, 1965) II, pp. 163–279Google Scholar
  25. H. Krausnick, ‘Kommissarbefehl und “Gerichtsbarkeitserlass Barbarossa” in Neuer Sicht’, VfZ, XXV (1977) 682–758, and his and H-H Wilhelm’s Die Truppe des Weltanschauungskrieges (Stuttgart, 1981)Google Scholar
  26. M. Messerschmidt, Die Wehrmacht im NS-Staat (Hamburg, 1969)Google Scholar
  27. C. Streit, Keine Kameraden (Stuttgart, 1978).Google Scholar
  28. K. W. Bird, Weimar, The German Naval Officer Corps and the Rise of National Socialism (Amsterdam, 1971)Google Scholar
  29. H. H. Herwig, The German Naval Officer Corps (Oxford, 1973)Google Scholar
  30. K. Demeter, The German Officer Corps (London, 1965)Google Scholar
  31. M. Kitchen, The German Officer Corps (Oxford, 1968), for the army. Biographies deal, of course, only with the most exceptional officers.Google Scholar
  32. J. Kramarz, Stauffenberg (Frankfurt/M., 1965)Google Scholar
  33. C. Müller, Oberst i. G. Stauffenberg (Düsseldorf, 1970).Google Scholar
  34. W. S. Allen, The Nazi Seizure of Power (Chicago, 1965)Google Scholar
  35. J. Noakes, The Nazi Party in Lower Saxony (London, 1971).Google Scholar
  36. J. C. Fest, The Face of the Third Reich, 3rd edn (Harmondsworth: Middlesex, 1979) pp. 355–75.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Omer Bartov 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omer Bartov
    • 1
  1. 1.PrincetonUSA

Personalised recommendations