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France

  • John Beyer
  • Julian Cooper
  • Gerald Holden
  • François Nectoux
  • Nancy Ramsey
  • David Schorr
  • Tony Thompson
  • Andrew White
  • Scilla McLean

Abstract

In France, even more than in other countries, the formulation of policy and the technical development of weapons are closely intertwined in the nuclear decision-making process. The fundamental political orientations on military strategy and the ultimate decisions concerning nuclear weapons are taken by the President and a handful of advisers. Such decisions are, however, neither original nor made in a vacuum. They are influenced by the prevailing ideological climate and political circumstances as well as by the available technical options — and shaped by professional élites and by history. What is interesting, therefore, is the process which creates the options presented to the decisionmakers — a process shrouded in secrecy and in which there is in France little or no public debate.

Keywords

Nuclear Weapon Nuclear Force Nuclear Fuel Cycle Weapon System Defence Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    C. Sweet, A Study of Nuclear Power in France (Polytechnic of the South Bank, Energy Paper no. 2. London, Mar. 1981).Google Scholar
  2. 13.
    For a discussion of this position, see M. Genestout and Y. Lenoir, ‘Quelques Vérités (pas Toujours Bonnes à Dire) sur les Surgénérateurs’, Science et Vie, no. 781 (Oct. 1982).Google Scholar
  3. 16.
    M. Duverger, Institutions Politiques et Droit Constitutionnel, Tome 2 (Le Système Politique Français), Presses Universitaires de France, 15th edn (1980) p. 271.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oxford Research Group 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Beyer
    • 1
  • Julian Cooper
    • 2
  • Gerald Holden
    • 3
  • François Nectoux
    • 4
  • Nancy Ramsey
  • David Schorr
  • Tony Thompson
  • Andrew White
  • Scilla McLean
  1. 1.Leeds UniversityUK
  2. 2.Soviet Technology and Industry, Centre for Russian and East European StudiesUniversity of BirminghamUK
  3. 3.Science Policy Research UnitSussex UniversityUK
  4. 4.Earth Resources ResearchUK

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