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Iran pp 121-148 | Cite as

The Crowd in Iranian Politics, 1905–53

  • Ervand Abrahamian

Abstract

George Rudé’s observation that ‘Perhaps no historical phenomenon has been so thoroughly neglected by historians as the crowd’1 is especially true of the Middle East. While European journalists have invariably portrayed oriental crowds as ‘xenophobic mobs’ hurling insults and bricks at Western embassies, local conservatives have frequently denounced them as ‘social scum’ in the pay of the foreign hand, and radicals have often stereotyped them as ‘the people’ in action. For all, the crowd has been an abstraction, whether worthy of abuse, fear, praise or even humour, but not a subject of study.

Keywords

Religious Leader Iranian Constitution General Strike Army Officer National Front 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    G. Rudé, The Crowd in History, 1730–1848 (New York, 1964), p. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Karl Wittfogel, Oriental Depotism (New Haven, 1957).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For the Tobacco Crisis see N. Keddie, Religion and Rebellion in Iran (London, 1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Information on the crowds during the Constitutional Revolution and the Civil War has been obtained from: A. Kasravi, A History of the Iranian Constitution (in Farsi) (Tehran, Chap-i Amir Kabir, 1961);Google Scholar
  5. A. Kasravi, An Eighteen-Year History of Azerbaijan (in Farsi) (Tehran, Chap-i Amir Kabir, 1961);Google Scholar
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  10. 6.
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  11. 9.
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    Information on the royalist crowd of 19 August 1953 has been obtained mostly from: R. Cottam, Nationalism in Iran (Pittsburg University Press, 1964) pp. 38, 155, 226;Google Scholar
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  22. 38.
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  23. 59.
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Copyright information

© Haleh Afshar 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ervand Abrahamian

There are no affiliations available

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