Iran pp 121-148 | Cite as

The Crowd in Iranian Politics, 1905–53

  • Ervand Abrahamian


George Rudé’s observation that ‘Perhaps no historical phenomenon has been so thoroughly neglected by historians as the crowd’1 is especially true of the Middle East. While European journalists have invariably portrayed oriental crowds as ‘xenophobic mobs’ hurling insults and bricks at Western embassies, local conservatives have frequently denounced them as ‘social scum’ in the pay of the foreign hand, and radicals have often stereotyped them as ‘the people’ in action. For all, the crowd has been an abstraction, whether worthy of abuse, fear, praise or even humour, but not a subject of study.


Religious Leader Iranian Constitution General Strike Army Officer National Front 
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Copyright information

© Haleh Afshar 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ervand Abrahamian

There are no affiliations available

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