The Iranian revolution came as an unwelcome surprise to the West and has seriously undermined many theories wedded to the belief that modernisation measures would naturally lead to long-term political stability in Third World countries. It is, however, in the domain of military alliance and the cold war that the failure of the Shah’s regime has had the most serious repercussions. By depriving the West of one of its most reliable allies in the Gulf region, the Iranian revolution has opened a wide political schism in one of the most important oil regions in the world; a situation rendered all the more critical by the longrunning Iran-Iraq war which continues to threaten the delicate political balance of the Gulf states.
KeywordsMilitary Coup Islamic Revolution Iranian Revolution Reliable Ally Revolutionary Force
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