An International and Regional Satellite Monitoring Agency

  • Torleiv Orhaug


Space observations have been used for military purposes since the beginning of the space age. Still, direct information about this activity is very limited. There is, however, a growing amount of indirect evidence that such observations have been of great importance for various tasks such as surveillance, crisis monitoring and treaty verification. Today only the two superpowers possess the capacity to perform extensive observation from space for military purposes. On the other hand, several other nations are now developing similar capabilities.


Space Technology Monitoring Task Military Purpose Photographic Camera Observational Satellite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    UN, ‘Study on the implications of establishing an international satellite monitoring agency’, A/AC.206/14 (6 August 1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Jasani, ‘Reconnaissance from space’. SIPRI Workshop onMeasures to reduce the fear of surprise attack in Europe’ (Stockholm: SIPRI, 1983).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Jasani, ‘A role of satellites in verification of arms control agreement’. Working paper presented at the Pugwash Symposium on An International Agency for the Use of Satellite Observation Data for Security Purposes (Avignon, France: April 1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.G. Blair and G.D. Brewer, ‘Verifying SALT agreements’. ACIS working paper no.19, Center for International and Strategic Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles (January 1980) (also in W.C. Potter, ‘Verification and SALT’), (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Orhaug and G. Forrsell, ‘Information extraction from images’. Paper 6 in B. Jasani (ed.), Outer Space—a new dimension of the arms race’ (London: Taylor & Francis, 1982).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Greenwood, ‘Reconnaissance, surveillance and arms control’. Adelphi Papers No.88 (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1972).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F.J. Moncrief, ‘SALT verification: How we monitor the Soviet arsenal’, Microwaves (September, 1979) 41–51.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Aspin, ‘The verification of the SALT II agreement’. Scientific American 240, No. 2 (1979) 30–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Santhanam, ‘Use of satellites in crisis monitoring’, in B. Jasani (ed.) Outer space—a new dimension of the arms race’, (London: Taylor & Francis, 1982).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Jasani, ‘Outer Space, militarisation outpaces legal control’. Paper presented at the UNV and IISL joint symposium on ‘Conditions Essential for Maintaining Outer Space for Peaceful uses’. (The Hague, 12–15 March, 1984).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Orhaug and N. Olander, ‘Landsat 4 TM-data: Examples of resolution capacity’. FOA Report C 30329-E1, ISSN 0347– 3708 (September 1983).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. Voûte, ‘Agreement and disagreement on an international satellite monitoring agency’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 5, No. 2 (1984) 479–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jane’s Defence Weekly, 2, No.5 (11 August 1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torleiv Orhaug

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations