Skip to main content

Marxism and the Environment: A View From the Periphery

  • Chapter

Part of the Explorations in Sociology book series (EIS,volume 19)

Abstract

The emergence of the Green Movement in Europe has focused attention on the environment as the most neglected aspect of Marxist theory. The Greens’ message is important for a number of reasons. First, they represent a new constellation of forces on the Left. Unlike the peace movement of the 1960s, the anti-nuclear movement in Europe today, by incorporating radical ecology and the feminist critique of patriarchy, seeks to problematise industrial society itself. Secondly, at another, deeper level the Green Movement is both a product of Marxism and a challenge to Marxism. The new ecological politics is a logical, if unexpected, outcome of Marxism’s attachment to the institutional forms and processes of monopoly capitalism. From a Green perspective the ‘growth model’ which lies at the heart of industrial capitalism is shared by Left and Right. The issues of alienation from work and the socially engineered dependence on the consumption of unnecessary goods are seldom raised by the orthodox Left, but they are central planks in the Green alternative (Bahro 1982a, 1982b; Gorz, 1982).

Keywords

  • Political Economy
  • Industrial Society
  • Ecological Politics
  • Green Movement
  • Environmental Crisis

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-349-17847-6_9
  • Chapter length: 21 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-349-17847-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Amin, S. (1974) Accumulation on a World Scale (New York: Monthly Review Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Bahro, R. (1978) The Alternative in Eastern Europe (London: New Left Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • Bahro, R. (1982a) Socialism and Survival (London: Heretic Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • Bahro, R. (1982b) ‘Capitalism’s Global Crises’, New Statesman, 17–24 December.

    Google Scholar 

  • Banaji, J. (1977) ‘Modes of Production in a Materialist Conception of History’, Capital and Class, vol. 3, pp. 1–44.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bauer, P.T. (1981) Equality, the Third World and Economic Delusion (London: Methuen).

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernstein, H. (1977) ‘Notes on Capital and Peasantry’, Review of African Economy, no. 10, pp. 60–73.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bottomore, T. (1982) ‘Degrees of Determination’, Times Literary Supplement, 12 March.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brandt Commission (1980) North-South: A Programme for Survival (London: Pan Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • Brandt Commission (1981) Towards One World? International Responses to the Brandt Report (London: Temple Smith).

    Google Scholar 

  • Brown, Lester R. (1978) The Twenty-Ninth Day (New York: Norton).

    Google Scholar 

  • Bull, David (1982) A Growing Problem: Pesticides and the Third World Poor (Oxford: OXFAM).

    Google Scholar 

  • Buttel, F., (1983) ‘Sociology and the Environment: The Winding Road Toward Human Ecology’ (Cornell University, unpublished ms.).

    Google Scholar 

  • Caldwell, M. (1971) ‘Oil Imperialism in South-East Asia’, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 1 3.

    Google Scholar 

  • Caldwell, M. (1977) The Wealth of Some Nations (London: Zed Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Castells, M. (1977) The Urban Question (London: Edward Arnold).

    Google Scholar 

  • Commoner, B. (1972) The Closing Circle (London: Jonathan Cape).

    Google Scholar 

  • Cotgrove, S. (1982) Catastrophe or Cornucopia (Chichester: Wiley).

    Google Scholar 

  • Dasmann, R.F. (1975) The Conservation Alternative (Chichester: Wiley).

    Google Scholar 

  • de Silva, S.B.D. (1982) The Political Economy of Underdevelopment (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckholm, E.P. (1976) Losing Ground (Oxford: Pergamon).

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckholm, E.P. (1982) Down to Earth (London: Pluto Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Emmanuel, A. (1973) Unequal Exchange (Paris: Maspero).

    Google Scholar 

  • Engels, F. (1970), in Marx, K. and Engels, F. Selected Works (one volume) (Moscow).

    Google Scholar 

  • Foster-Carter, A. (1974) ‘Neo-Marxist Approaches to Development and Underdevelopment’, in E. de Kadt & G. Williams (eds) Sociology and Development (London: Tavistock).

    Google Scholar 

  • Frank, A.G. (1967) Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America (New York: Monthly Review Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Frank, A.G. (1969) Latin America: Underdevelopment or Revolution (New York: Monthly Review Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Fraser Darling, F. (1970) Wilderness and Plenty (1969 Reith Lectures) (London: BBC Publications).

    Google Scholar 

  • Global 2000 (1982) Report to the President (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • Godelier, M. (1977) Perspectives in Marxist Anthropology (Cambridge University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Goodman, D. and Redclift, M. (1981) From Peasant to Proletarian: Capitalist Development and Agrarian Transitions, (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

    Google Scholar 

  • Gorz, A (1982) Farewell to the Working Class (London: Pluto Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Khozin, G. (1979) The Biosphere and Politics (Moscow: Progress Publishers).

    Google Scholar 

  • Kitching, G. (1980) Class and Economic Change in Kenya: The Making of an African Petite-Bourgeoisie 1905–1970 (New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Lenin, V.I. (1952) Materialism and Empirio-Criticism (Moscow).

    Google Scholar 

  • Leys, Colin (1977) Underdevelopment in Kenya: The Political Economy of Neo-Colonialism 1964–1971 (London: Heinemann).

    Google Scholar 

  • Long, N. and Roberts, B. (1979) (eds) Peasant Cooperation and Capitalist Farming in Central Peru (Austin: University of Texas Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopes, B.J.R. (1978) ‘Capitalist Development and Agrarian Structure in Brazil’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 2, 1, pp. 1–11.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lowe, P. and Warboys, M. (1980) ‘Ecology and Ideology’, in F. H. Buttel and H. Newby (eds) The Rural Sociology of the Advanced Societies (London: Croom Helm).

    Google Scholar 

  • Marx, K. (1971) Capital vol. III (Moscow).

    Google Scholar 

  • Meadows, D. et al. (1974) The Limits to Growth (London: Pan Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • Myers, Norman, (1979) The Sinking Ark (Oxford: Pergamon).

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Riordan, T. (1976) Environmentalism (London: Pion).

    Google Scholar 

  • Rey, P. P. (1973) Les Alliances de Classes (Paris: Maspero).

    Google Scholar 

  • Riddell, R. (1981) Ecodevelopment (Farnborough: Gower).

    Google Scholar 

  • Sandbach, F. (1980) Environment, Ideology and Policy (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

    Google Scholar 

  • Sen, A. (1981) Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation (London: Oxford University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Simmons, I. (1974) The Ecology of Natural Resources (London: Edward Arnold).

    Google Scholar 

  • Social Trends, (1983) (London: HMSO).

    Google Scholar 

  • Stretton, H. (1976) Capitalism, Socialism and the Environment (Cambridge University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas, Keith (1983) Man and the Natural World (London: Allen Lane).

    Google Scholar 

  • UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (1981) Environment and Development in Africa (Oxford: Pergamon).

    Google Scholar 

  • Van den Bosch, R. (1980) The Pesticide Conspiracy (Chalmington, Dorset: Prism Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallerstein, I. (1980) The Modem World System vol. II (New York: Academic Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Ward, B. (1979) Progress for a Small Planet (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books).

    Google Scholar 

  • World Conservation Strategy, (1980) IUCN, UNEP, and WWF.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Copyright information

© 1985 Gareth Rees, Janet Bujra, Paul Littlewood, Howard Newby, and Teresa L. Rees

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Redclift, M.R. (1985). Marxism and the Environment: A View From the Periphery. In: Rees, G., Bujra, J., Littlewood, P., Newby, H., Rees, T.L. (eds) Political Action and Social Identity. Explorations in Sociology, vol 19. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-17847-6_9

Download citation