Renewable Sea Energy Sources

  • Diana Schumacher


By harnessing the small temperature differences between the warm surface of the ocean and the cooler deep water, energy can be generated using a heat engine. Although technically possible, at the present time (1984) no commercial system is yet operational. Views also differ on the projected generation costs.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



  1. 1.
    Lestor, R., ‘Energy from the Oceans’, in Energy Crisis in the Eigh ties, Crown Agents, London, July 1980, p. 26; Georghiou, L. and Ford, G., South Magazine, November 1982 and Physics Technology, Vol. 13, 1982, p. 15Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Behrman, D., Solar Energy–the Awakening Science, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1979, pp. 206–11Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ford, G. and Georghiou, L., ‘Japan Stakes its Industrial Future in the Sea’, New Scientist, 3 June 1982, p. 649Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Soft Energy Notes Vol. 3, No. 4, August/September 1980Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Isaacs, J. D. and Schmitt, W. R., ‘Ocean Energy: Forms and Prospects’, Science, Vol. 207, 18 January 1980Google Scholar


  1. 6.
    Minchinginton, W. and Meigs, P., ‘Power from the Sea’, History Today, Vol. 30, March 1980Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Musgrove, P. and Fraenkel, P., Natural Energy and Living, No. 8, 1980, pp. 15–18Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Flood, M., Solar Prospects: The Potential for Renewable Energy, Wildwood House, London, 1983, p. 132Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Tidal Power from the Severn Estuary Energy Paper No. 46, HMSO, London, 1981Google Scholar


  1. 10.
    Wave Energy Energy Paper No. 42, HMSO, London, 1979Google Scholar
  2. 11.
    Count, B. M., Fry, R. and Haskell, J. H., ‘Wave Power: the story so far’, C.E.G.B. Research, No. 15, November 1983, p. 14Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Bott, N., ‘Blue Oil from the Sea’, in Must the World run out of Energy?, Crown Agents, London, 1978, pp. 23–8Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    Salter, S. H., Jeffrey, D. C. and Taylor, J. R. M., ‘The Architecture of Working Duck Wave Power Generators’, Naval Architect, January 1976, pp. 21–4Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    Financial Times, 11 May 1979Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    Pacific Friend June 1980Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Platts, M. J., ‘Large scale electricity generation from sea waves’, Seminar, Wind and Wave Energy, Heliotechnic Educational, London, 1981Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Grove-Palmer, C. O. J., ‘Wave Energy in the United Kingdom, A review of the programme June 1975-March 1982’, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Wave Energy Utilization, Trondheim, Norway, June 1982Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. McCormick, M. E., Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Wiley, 1981Google Scholar
  2. Marine Resources Project, Ocean Thermal Energy Prospects and Opportunities MRP University of Manchester, 1981Google Scholar
  3. Knight, H. G., Nyhart, J. D. and Stein, R. E. (eds), Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Lexington Books, Lexington, Massachusetts, 1979Google Scholar
  4. Ford, G., Niblett, C. and Walker, L., ‘Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion’, Institute of Electrical Engineers Proceedings, Vol. 130, Part A, 1983, pp. 93–100Google Scholar
  5. Severn Barrage Committee, Tidal Power from the Severn Estuary, Energy Paper No. 46, Volume I, HMSO, London, 1981Google Scholar
  6. Shaw, T. L. (ed.), An Environmental Appraisal of Tidal Power Stations: with particular reference to the Severn Barrage, Pitmans Advanced Publishing Program, Fearon Pitman Inc., Marshfield, U.S.A., 1980Google Scholar
  7. Charlier, R., Tidal Energy, Van Nostrand Reinhold, Wokingham, 1982Google Scholar
  8. Shaw, R., Wave Energy: A Design Challenge, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1982Google Scholar
  9. Ross, D., Energy from the Waves, 2nd edn, Pergamon, Oxford, 1981Google Scholar
  10. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Wave Energy Utilization Google Scholar
  11. Trondheim, Norway, 1982Google Scholar
  12. Workshop on Alternative Energy Strategies, Energy: Global Prospects 1985–2000, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1977Google Scholar
  13. Flood, M., Solar Prospects: The Potential for Renewable Energy, Wildwood House, London, 1983Google Scholar
  14. Dawson, J. K., ‘The Renewable Sources of Energy in the United Kingdom’, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Part I, Vol. 74, February 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Diana Schumacher 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Schumacher

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations