Energy Options for the Third World

  • Diana Schumacher


By far the most critical energy problems of today are those that confront certain countries of the Third World, this being the generic term covering the world’s poorest nations. It includes countries of Latin America and the more recently independent states of Africa and Asia. The other two ‘Worlds’ are the Western World (Western Europe, the U.S.A., Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa), and the Communist World which includes those countries with centrally planned economies such as the Warsaw Pact nations and China.


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Further Reading

  1. Energy in the Developing Countries World Bank, Washington D.C., 1980Google Scholar
  2. Energy Options and Policy Issues in Developing Countries World Bank, Washington D.C., 1979Google Scholar
  3. Dunkerly, J. et al., Energy Strategies for Developing Nations Resources for the Future, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  4. Smil, V. and Knowland, W. E. (eds), Energy in the Developing World: The Real Energy Crisis, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1980Google Scholar
  5. The Energy Transition in Developing Countries World Bank, Washington D.C., August 1983Google Scholar
  6. Dunn, P. D., Appropriate Technology — Technology with a Human Face Macmillan, London, 1978, chapter 6Google Scholar
  7. Hayter, T., The Creation of World Poverty — an Alternative View to the Brandt Report, Third World First, Pluto Press, London, 1981Google Scholar
  8. Common Crisis North-South; Co-operation for world recovery The Brandt Commission 1983, Pan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. South Magazine South Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Mazingira the International Journal for Environment and Development, Tycooly International, DublinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Diana Schumacher 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Schumacher

There are no affiliations available

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