Dahrendorf has noted that ‘Sociologists still like to invent their history so as to lend profile to their statements about the present’.1 To a remarkable extent this is still true of the sociology of the family. Until recently our knowledge of family life in the past was usually derived from one or more of three kinds of sources: novels, usually by middle–class writers; largely impressionistic writings, frequently reformatory or didactic in aim, by middle–class contemporaries; and anecdotes recounted to investigators by elderly respondents, some of which they in turn had heard from others even older than themselves. The first two were inevitably rather impressionistic and based on incomplete knowledge; in addition their didactic aims encouraged an emphasis on social pathology. Their evidence is almost certainly not therefore representative of the population as a whole.2 The anecdotal sources are subject to all the well–known problems of long period recall which seem to blur away the harshness of the past and the sufferings of substantial minority groups and lead people to portray the past through rose–coloured (or occasion–ally grimy) spectacles. This bias in recall data on the family appears to be common to all cultures at all periods of history.3
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Notes and References
- 9.Habakkuk, ‘Family Structure and Economic Change in Nineteenth Century Europe,’ in Bell and Vogel [I960].Google Scholar