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Inhibitory modulation of adenylate cyclase

  • K. H. Jakobs
  • K. Aktories
  • M. Minuth
  • G. Schultz

Abstract

The plasma membrane-bound enzyme, adenylate cyclase, serves as a signal transduction system for a wide variety of hormones and neurotransmitters, acting as extracellular messengers in the process of intercellular communication. This signal-generating role of the adenylate cyclase is clearly established for those hormones and neurotransmitters which after interaction with their specific receptors cause an increase in enzyme activity with subsequent increased levels of cyclic AMP acting as the intracellular second messenger (Robinson et al., 1971). Numerous studies on the mechanisms and components involved in the hormone-induced increase in cyclic AMP formation lead to the generally accepted concept that the complete system is composed of at least three distinct subunits, namely the hormone receptor acting as signal discriminator, the catalytic subunit catalyzing the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP, and a guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory component serving as coupler between the hormone-activated receptor and the catalyst (Ross & Gilman, 1980). On the other hand,

Keywords

Adenylate Cyclase Cholera Toxin Guanine Nucleotide Pertussis Toxin Coupling Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. H. Jakobs
    • 1
  • K. Aktories
    • 1
  • M. Minuth
    • 1
  • G. Schultz
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmakologisches Institut der Universität HeidelbergUK

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