From an Export-led to an Import-substituting Economy: Chile 1914–39

  • Gabriel Palma
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series (STANTS)


It is commonly argued that the process of industrialisation began in Chile only in the 1930s. Attention is drawn to a ‘frustrated’ attempt at industrialisation between 1830 and 1960 due to its ‘incompatibility’ with export-led growth, and hence it is held that local manufacturing industry could only flourish after the collapse of the export sector.1 Chile thus fits neatly into the conventional model which at its simplest divides post-colonial economic development in Latin America into two major phases, ‘outward-oriented’ growth up to 1930 and ‘inward-oriented’ growth thereafter.2 This assumes that in the first phase the export sector acts as the engine of growth, but generates little diversification throughout the rest of the economy, and in particular into manufacturing, while in the second phase a process of import-substitution is launched, and the State takes an active role in promoting local economic development.


Production Index Real Term Local Economic Development Export Price Capital Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© St Antony’s College, Oxford 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Palma

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