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Culture and Economy: Human Betterment in India and Japan

  • Radha Sinha
Part of the British Association for the Advancement of Science book series (BAAS)

Abstract

The growing disillusionment, as symbolised in Scitovsky’s statement quoted above, with the quantitative measures of economic betterment such as the gross domestic product or per capita income, etc., has led in recent years to a search for a set of social indicators which together with the quantifiable measures of economic output could serve as an index of human betterment. However, as a result of ambiguity in concepts and the impossibility of quantifying the qualitative differences between social consumption (items such as education, health) under differing circumstances, any judgement of inter-temporal comparisons of the state of human welfare becomes difficult, if not impossible.

Keywords

Gross Domestic Product Capita Income Social Indicator Western European Country Human Betterment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Fred Hirsch, Social Limits to Growth ( London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1977 ), pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Radha Sinha, Japan’s Options for the 1980s ( London, Croom Helm, 1982 ), p. 4.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    R. Sinha et al. Income Distribution, Growth and Basic Needs in India ( London, Croom Helm, 1979 ), p. 27.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments ( 1759), (New York, Augustus Kelley, 1966 ), p. 327. It must, however, be noted that Adam Smith also emphasised that with economic progress a new social cohesion, in its widest sense is created. In fact, his concept of growing sympathy accompanying economic growth anticipates the modern welfare state. I am grateful to David Reisman for drawing my attention to this fact.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Quoted in Akira Fujitake, ‘Abuse of Egalitarianism’, in Japan Echo vol. vii (Special Issue, 1980) p. 14.Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    Aki Goto, ‘Where are Japanese Housewives Heading?’, Japan Echo vol. ix, no. 4 (1982) p. 107.Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    Takako Sodei, ‘Family Stability in an Age of Working Women’, Japan Echo vol. ix, no. 4 (1982) pp. 96–7.Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    Y. Yasuhiko, ‘Analyzing Trends in Family Pathology: Trends in Family Pathology’, Japan Echo, vol. vii, no. 3 (1980) p. 85.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The British Association for the Advancement of Science 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radha Sinha

There are no affiliations available

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