We have argued that the social sciences cannot be distinguished from the natural sciences in terms of their explanatory structure. They are both properly causal in idiom, just as they avoid the temptation to explain the ‘good’ and the ‘bad’ in different idioms. Yet there are few who would disagree that the social sciences look different from the natural sciences. Their credibility is lower, their status less secure and their disputes more public. In this chapter we offer a tentative explanation for these differences that is consistent with the network theory. Not surprisingly it is an explanation in terms of social interests and their distribution. First, however, we want to offer an example of different social science approaches to what is apparently the same phenomenon.
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- Marx was concerned with civil society’s need for workers to obtain more free time—not only for pure leisure but also for recuperating their strength and applying themselves more vigorously to productive work after reasonable rest and recreation. (James Riordan, Sport in Soviet Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1977)Google Scholar
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- Rick Barry and Bill Libby, Confessions of a Basketball Gypsy (Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1972), in which Barry refers to himself and other professional basketball players as slaves ‘Slavery is slavery no matter what the slave is paid’.Google Scholar
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