Marx was the father of communism (see Part II) but the practical application of his theories was left to such men as Lenin and Mao Tse-tung. Each on the basis of his own experience developed Marxist theories which have had considerable influence on the non-Western world. Various groups following the communist ideologies of these men are generally referred to as ‘Leninists’ (pro-Moscow) or ‘Maoists’ (pro-Peking).
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