This work is an exploration, through the novels of Henry James, of the representation of women in the literary text. I shall suggest that the attempt to reconcile the contradiction of woman’s existence, both as sign and as conscious subject, is central to many of James’s major novels.


Literary Text Representative Function Individual Consciousness Social Existence Conscious Subject 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    J. Williamson, Decoding Advertisements (London, 1978) p. 17.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See C. Lévi-Strauss, ‘Introduction a l’oeuvre de Marcel Mauss’, in M. Mauss, Sociologie et Anthropologie (Paris, 1950) p. xix.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Lévi-Strauss, The Elementary Structures of Kinship, trans. J. Harle Bell, J. R. vdn Sturmer and R. Needham (London, 1969 ) p. 496.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. W. Emerson, Nature, in, Nature, Addresses and Lectures (London, 1903 ) p. 78.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans. H. M. Parshley (Harmondsworth, 1974 ) pp. 172–3.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    J. Mitchell, Psychoanalysis and Feminism (Harmondsworth, 1975) p. 405.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    J. Fryer, The Faces of Eve: Women in the Nineteenth-century American Novel (New York, 1976 ).Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    M. Ellman, Thinking About Women (London, 1979 ).Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    J. Goode, ‘Sue Bridehead and the New Woman’, in M. Jacobus (ed.), Women Writing and Writing about Women (New York, 1979 ) p. 102.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    J. Fetterley, The Resisting Reader: A Feminist Approach to American Fiction (Bloomington, 1978 ).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    H. James, The American Scene (New York, 1907) p. 335.Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    J. Berger, Ways of Seeing (Harmondsworth, 1972) p. 46.Google Scholar
  13. 18.
    H. James, ‘Howells’s “A Foregone Conclusion” ’, in Literary Reviews and Essays, A. Mordell (ed.), ( New York, 1957 ) p. 211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elizabeth Allen 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Allen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations