The Land and the People in History

  • Anthony Hyman

Abstract

It is the geographical situation more than any other factor which has ensured Afghanistan’s continuing importance in Asian history, for it lies across the Asian land routes like a mountainous crossroads — picturesquely described as a ‘roundabout of the Ancient World’ (Arnold Toynbee). Neither the land nor its peoples can be understood without reference to the three great Asian regions against each of which Afghanistan has its borders; related to each and yet distinct — central, south and west Asia; that is, the vast steppelands of central Asia, the subcontinent of India and the Middle East.

Keywords

Sugar Migration Europe Income Turkey 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Olaf Caroe, the Pathan (1958) p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H.K. Kakar, Government and Society in Afghanistan (Austin, USA, 1979) for a full study of Amir Abdur Rahman’s reign.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Major-General Sir H. Rawlinson, England and Russia in the East (1875, new edition 1970) p. 355.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See further J. Spain, The Way of the Pathan (1962).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hans Kohn, The idea of Nationalism (1944)Google Scholar
  6. E. Kedourie, Nationalism (1960)Google Scholar
  7. R. Emerson, From empire to nation (USA, 1960), with biblio. graphies.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    Among sources consulted are J. Anderson and R. Strand (eds.), Ethnic processes and intergroup relations in contemporary Afghanistan (New York, 1978)Google Scholar
  9. F. Barth, ‘Pathan Identity and its maintenance’, in F. Barth (ed.), Ethnic groups and boundaries (1970).Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    R. Canfield, Faction and conversion in a plural society (Michigan, USA, 1973) pp. 117–19.Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    Eugene Schuyler, Turkistan (1877) in G. Wheeler’s revised edition (1966) p. 87.Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    Xavier de Planhol, The world of Islam (Cornell, USA, 1970) p. 82.Google Scholar
  13. 11.
    Victor Segesvary, Afghanistan among the least developed of developing countries, mimeo. report, UNDP office, Kabul, dated June 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    L. Dupree, The new republic of Afghanistan, special paper of ACAS, USA, spring 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Anthony Hyman 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Hyman

There are no affiliations available

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