Modes of Production and the Structure of the Space-Economy
By placing human social activity and human labour at the centre of geographical analysis and by using a more social and historical conception of the economy, geographical theory can be reconstructed by drawing on the classical tradition in political economy. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the spatial dimension actually played a central role in economic analysis, 1 while early-ninteenth-century economists like Ricardo and Marx situated geographical issues in a wider social and economic context.2 But, from their time, locational analysis developed as a separate and largely independent branch of study, while economic theory tended to conceive most economic processes as taking place on the head of a pin. A renewed interest in this earlier tradition means, therefore, that a link can be established with a mode of analysis of economic and social processes that has paid more attention to, and is more appropriate for, the study of geographical questions.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Notes and References
- 1.P. Dockès, L’Espace dans la Pensée Economique du XVIème au XVIIème Siècle (Paris: Flammarion, 1969) pp. 427–8.Google Scholar
- 2.A. J. Scott, Land and Land Rent: An Interpretive Review of the French Literature (Louvain-la Neuve: SPUR, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1975) p. 6.Google Scholar
- 3.J. Scheibling, ‘Débates et Combats sur la Crise de la Géographie’, La Pensée, no. 194 (July–August 1977) pp. 41–56, p. 56.Google Scholar
- 4.D. Harvey, Social Justice and the City (London: Edward Arnold, 1973).Google Scholar
- But see his subsequent comments in D. Harvey, The Limits to Capital (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982).Google Scholar
- 5.K. Marx and F. Engels, ‘The German Ideology’, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Collected Works, vol. 5 (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1976) pp. 32–5 and 64–74.Google Scholar
- 6.K. Marx, Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) pp. 417–514.Google Scholar
- 7.Marx and Engels, ‘The German Ideology’, p. 33.Google Scholar
- 8.Marx, Grundrisse, p. 479.Google Scholar
- 9.Marx and Engels, ‘The German Ideology’, pp. 33–45 and 64–74.Google Scholar