Acquisition and Learning
We are all born linguists. This statement seems intuitively valid for all normal human beings, who in the space of a few childhood years and with no apparent effort become accomplished speakers of a first language. Many add a second language or even more at various ages and in various settings, from a bilingual home to a course in reading for scientists. The effortlessness of this process is not always so apparent, nor is attainment so uniformly high. This chapter asks to what extent the processes of first-and second-language acquisition are similar or dissimilar. What makes people become bilingual and what makes them proficient bilinguals? What obstacles stand in their way and what are the particular pains and pleasures of individual bilingualism?
KeywordsLanguage Learner Phonetic Feature Dominance Criterion Adverbial Clause Alternate Language
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