Words and Word Systems
When a tactical substitution is made during a football game, it is with the aim of changing the pattern of play by introducing a player with a role different from that of the man he replaces. As a result the distribution of roles throughout the team will change, just as it would if only ten men had to cover a space previously allocated to eleven. Similarly, we can consider that the words of a language form a structured system in which every word is linked, ultimately, to every other word and where the appearance or disappearance of a word causes restructuring rather than simple expansion or contraction. With such an image in mind it is possible to explore systematically the labyrinth of lexical relations in a foreign language in order to add to and refine one’s ‘word-power’, and to pinpoint differences in lexical structure between L1 and L2.
KeywordsLanguage Learner General Usage Sense Relation Semantic Field Semantic Component
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