From Spring and All onwards Williams’s writing became highly diversified. He continued to write poems and improvisations, essays, reviews and plays, and he added to these novels, short stories and an opera libretto. The early 1920s seem to have been for him a period of considerable literary energy, although Reed Whittemore sees them as only a relative rise in a twelve-year long depression which continued from 1917 to 1929.1 year of this, 1927/28, was a period of agreed separation from Flossie, Mrs Williams, and in the background of A Voyage to Pagany exists a dark, savage-minded journal titled ‘Rome’, which Williams kept on his 1924 six-month European sabbatical.


Diary Entry Language Experiment Relative Rise Physical Life Selected Essay 
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  1. 2.
    Vivienne Koch, William Carlos Williams ( Norfolk, Conn.: New Directions, 1950 ) p. 58.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    See John C. Thirlwall, ‘William Carlos Williams’ Paterson: the Search for a Redeeming Language-A Personal Epic in Five Parts’, New Directions no. 17 (1961) p. 265ff.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Louis Zukofsky, ‘American Poetry 1920–1930’, The Symposium, vol. ii (1931) p. 81. Reprinted in Prepositions ( London: Rapp & Carroll, 1967 ) pp. 129–43.Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    William Carlos Williams, The Embodiment of Knowledge (New York: New Directions, 1974 ). Five essays at the end of the book date from much earlier, from Williams’s earliest career.Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Paul Mariani, review of The Embodiment of Knowledge in William Carlos Williams Newsletter, vol. i, no. I (Fall 1975 ) pp. 9–12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Charles Doyle 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Doyle
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VictoriaCanada

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