The PCE’s Long Road to Democracy 1954–77

  • Paul Preston
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series


On 29 and 30 June 1976, a Conference of Communist and Workers’ Parties was held in East Berlin. Although the meeting had been jointly inspired by the Italian Communist Party and the Polish United Workers’ Party, the dominant note was struck by the Spaniard Santiago Carrillo. The speech made by the Secretary General of the Partido Comunista de España expressed a commitment to a liberal, pluralist view of socialism and affirmed roundly that Europe’s communists were subject to no central authority and followed no international discipline. Much as it caused chagrin to comrades who still recognised the guiding role of Moscow, Carrillo’s speech was hardly surprising. He and his party had long been groping towards such positions, with tentative uncertainty in the mid-1960s and with resolute determination after the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. What was extraordinary, in retrospect, was his contemptuous dismissal of the journalistic label “Eurocommunism” for such communist moderation. “The term is most unfortunate”, he declared. “There is no such thine as Eurocommunism.”1


Secretary General Central Committee Eastern Bloc Party Line Organisation Secretary 
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  1. 1.
    For the Conference and its preparation, see Vadim Zagladin, Europe and the Communists (Moscow, 1977), pp. 15ff. For Santiago Carrillo’s speech, see the supplement to Mundo Obrero, 14 July 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Santiago Carrillo, “Eurocomunismo” y Estado (Barcelona, 1977) [hereafter “Eurocomunismo“] and De la Clandestinidad a la Legalidad (Cheratte, Belgium, 1976) [hereafter De la clandestinidad].Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Fernando Claudín, Las divergencias en el partido (Paris, 1964), pp. 10–26 [hereafter Las divergencias].Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    See José Díaz, Las enseñanzas de Stalin, guía luminoso para los comunistas españoles (Mexico, 1940), passim.Google Scholar
  5. 26.
    Santiago Carrillo, Demain l’Espagne (Paris, 1974), p. 100; Líster, ¡Basta!, pp. 123–4; Carrillo, ‘Sobre las experiencias de dos aíos de lucha’, in Nuestra Bandera, no. 31, November–December 1948, pp. 824–39.Google Scholar
  6. 27.
    Dolores Ibárruri, Informe al Comité Central al 5° Congreso del P.C. de Espa¡a (Paris, 1955), pp. 10, 20, 70–91.Google Scholar
  7. 36.
    3 6. Dolores Ibárruri, Por la reconciliación de los españoles hacia la democratización de España (Paris, 1956), pp. 39–42, 83–9, 94–7.Google Scholar
  8. 41.
    Santiago Carrillo, “Algunas cuestiones en torno a la jornada de 5 de mayo”, in Nuestra Bandera, no. 21, July 1958, pp. 15–24.Google Scholar
  9. 42.
    Luis Ramírez, Nuestros primeros veinticinco años (Paris, 1964), pp. 169–71; Claudín, Las divergencias, pp. 21–7; Semprún, Autobiografía, pp. 44, 79–80.Google Scholar
  10. 61.
    Ignacio Gallego, El partido de masas que necesitamos (Paris, 1971), p. 42 [hereafter El partido].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Kindersley 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Preston

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