The Failure of Appeasement

  • C. A. MacDonald
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series


The Americans, like the British, at first believed that Munich might provide the basis for a world settlement. The suspicion that Hitler’s aims were unlimited vanished briefly. The administration, however, soon concluded that Munich had been merely a truce and by November Roosevelt was admitting to shame at his association with that settlement. American disillusion was based upon developments in German foreign and domestic policy. Hitler’s Saarbrücken speech and the Kristallnacht pogrom convinced Roosevelt that no permanent settlement was possible while the Nazis remained in power. Ribbentrop’s attempts to strengthen the Anti-Gomintern Pact confirmed fears of an axis conspiracy aimed at world domination. In November 1938 Britain was faced by a similar impasse in relations with Germany. A measure of Anglo-American cooperation followed which had been absent in the period before Munich. Hitler’s intransigence forced both powers to replace appeasement with a show of force designed to deter further German expansion.


Prime Minister German Export Western Power American Trade Colonial Good 
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Copyright information

© C. A. Macdonald 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. MacDonald
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint School of Comparative American StudiesUniversity of WarwickUK

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