Republics of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde

  • Basil Davidson


The republics of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde belong, politically, to the revolutionary trend that has been sweeping Africa in recent times. They were formed and are governed by the same integrated party or liberation movement, the Partido Africano de Independencia de Guine e Cabo Verde (PAIGC), whose leaders, while rejecting all doctrinal labels, whether Marxist or otherwise, have generally adhered to the principles of a Marxist analysis of history and society. If they may be said, notably in the thought and practice of their most outstanding leader, Amilcar Cabral, to have ‘naturalised’ this analysis to their own specific conditions and problems, they have also carried its approach and conclusions into original policies of form and content. Their claim is to have sought and found the social and cultural basis of reality, of local and indigenous reality, for programmes of unity and development capable of representing the collective interests of their populations. These are predominantly rural, although in thinking of the Cape Verdians one needs to bear in mind that the number of long-term Cape Verdian emigrants in urban situations abroad is not much smaller than the total population of the islands, and that links between emigrants and indigenes often remain close and even continuous.1


Diplomatic Relation Cape Verde Island Ethnic Nationality Armed Struggle Permanent Commission 
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  1. 1.
    A. Carreira, Migrações nas Ilhas de Cabo Verde (Lisbon: Univ. Nova de Lisboa, 1977).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    A. Teixeira da Mota, Guiné Portuguesa, 2 vols (Lisbon: Agenda Geral do Ultramar, 1954); A. Cabral, Recenseamento Agricola da Guine, Boletim Cultural no. 43 (Bissau, 1956), based on researches made in 1953. Much geographical and ethnographical material may be found in the Boletim Cultural series.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    A. Moreira, As Élites das Províncias Portuguesas de Indigenato (Guiné, Angola e Moçambique) (Lisbon: Junta de Invest. do Ultramar, 1956).Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    See B. Davidson, ‘Guinea-Bissau: People’s Elections’, in People’s Power, no. 6 (M.A.G.I.C, London, Jan–Feb 1977), drawing on electoral returns published by the newspaper No Pintcha (Bissau). See also P. Freira, The Letters from Guinea-Bissau (London: W & R Pub. Coop, 1978).Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    In Cabral, Unity and Struggle (London: Heinemann, 1979).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bogdan Szajkowski 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basil Davidson

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