Population Problems and Movements

Part of the Focal Problems in Geography book series


The rapid acceleration in world population growth first began in western Europe and was linked on the one hand with improvements in diet, medicine, hygiene and health which increased life expectancy, and with the revolutions in agriculture and industry on the other hand. The outcome of these developments was an approximate fivefold increase in the population of Europe from around 100 million in 1650 to some 500 million at the beginning of the present century. Although the population total has continued to increase and in 1970 was around 650 million, the rate of growth has become greatly retarded. A study of the demographic situation in Europe, and more especially in western Europe, during the present century shows that population increase and decline were highly erratic.


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© Harry Robinson 1981

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