Advertisement

War and Imperial Policy in the Middle East 1918–1919

  • John Darwin
Part of the Cambridge Commonwealth Series book series

Abstract

The military occupation of the Middle East at the end of 1918 by British and Indian armies of nearly a million men marked the complete collapse there of the old international order, and heralded a revolution in British imperial policy. The dissolution of the Tsarist empire, and the defeat of Germany and Turkey, transformed the circumstances which had governed British policy in this region for a century and, all at once, made Britain the dominant political and military power in the lands between India in the east, the Caspian in the north, and Constantinople in the west.

Keywords

Middle East Imperial Control Imperial Policy British Policy Muslim Client 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 3.
    V. H. Rothwell, ‘Mesopotamia in British War Aims’, Historical Journal, XIII, 2 (1970) pp. 275, 276;Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    J. Nevakivi, Britain, France and the Arab Middle East 1914–1920 (London, 1969) pp. 19–25.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    The terms of the Tripartite Agreement are set out in J. C. Hurewitz, Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East: A Documentary Record, vol. II (Princeton, 1956) pp. 18–22.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    On this see B. C. Busch, Britain, India and the Arabs 1914–1921 (Berkeley and London, 1971) ch. III.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    See P. Guinn, British Strategy and Politics 1914–1918 (London, 1965).Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    H. I. Nelson, Land and Power (2nd edn, Newton Abbot, 1971) p. 17.Google Scholar
  7. J. B. Kelly, Britain and the Persian Gulf 1795–1880 (Oxford, 1968);Google Scholar
  8. R. L. Greaves, Persia and the Defence of India (London, 1959).Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    P. Avery, Modern Iran (London, 1965) p. 192.Google Scholar
  10. C. M. Andrew and A. S. Kanya-Forstner, The French Colonial Party and French Colonial War Aims’, Historical Journal, XVII, 1 (1974) 79–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. D. Lloyd George, The Truth About the Peace Treaties (London, 1938) vol. II, p. 1038;Google Scholar
  12. J. Nevakivi, Britain, France and the Arab Middle East 1914–1920 (London, 1969) pp. 91–2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Darwin 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Darwin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations