Reflections on the Nature of National Planning

  • Krzysztof Porwit
Part of the International Economic Association Publications book series (IEA)


The views offered in this paper pertain almost exclusively to the nature and role of national planning in the conditions of a socialist socio-economic system. More specifically they are related to experiences gathered in Poland. Any recommendations formulated in the paper should be considered in this context. The issues will be discussed from the viewpoint of economic theory, of its relevance for the solutions in the sphere of system-wide conscious control over socio-economic processes1 or, in a wider sense — for the premeditative behaviour of the system.2


Strategic Planning Central Planning Operational Planning National Planning Socialist Country 
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  1. 1.
    O. Lange ‘Ekonomia polityczn (Political economy)’ in Wielka Encyklopedia Powszechna (Great Universal Encyclopedia) (PWN, Warsaw, 1964), vol. 3. Econometrics and planometrics, cybernetics and operations research were mentioned within this category of disciplines.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. W. Nowozytow Zagadnienia rozwoju gospodarki socjalistycznej (Development problems of the socialist economy) (PWE, Warsaw, 1976), pp. 343 and 388–9.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    W. G. Afanasjew, Naukowe zarzadzanie spofeczenstwem (Scientific social control) (Warsaw, WP, 1976), p. 139; translated from Russian: Naucznoje uprawlenije obschestvom (Moscow, 1973).Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    Cf. O. Lange Ekonomia polityczna (Political Economy) (PWE, Warsaw, 1975), pp. 291–7.Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    Cf. J. Pajestka, Determinanty postepu (The Determinants of Progress) (Warsaw, 1975);Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    Cf. e.g. F. Hronsky ‘Metodologicheskie problemy analyza zhiznennogo urovnia v sotsialisticheskom obshchestve’ (Methodological Problems of Level of Living Analysis in a Socialist Society) in Sotsializm i narodnoe blogosostoyanie (Socialism and National Welfare) ed. K. Mikulsky (Moscow, 1976).Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Cf. e.g. Z. Czyzowska Spoteczny rozwôj Polski (Social Development of Poland) (KiW, Warsaw, 1975).Google Scholar
  8. 1.
    Cf. e.g. ‘Standard of living indicators’, paper by the Economic Research Institute of the USSR State Planning Commission in United Nations, Approaches and Methods Used in Long-Term Social Planning and Policy Making (New York, 1973).Google Scholar
  9. 2.
    See K. E. Boulding, ‘General Systems Theory — The Skeleton of Science’ in Management Systems, ed. P. P. Schoderbek (New York, 1971).Google Scholar
  10. 1.
    These issues were discussed inter alia by A. Kaufman, ‘Concerning the notions of operation and optimation’ in Scientific Thought (Mouton/UNESCO, Paris-The Hague, 1971);Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krzysztof Porwit
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PlanningWarsawPoland

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