Biting midges (Order Diptera: Family Ceratopogonidae)
The family Ceratopogonidae ( = Heleidae) has over so genera belonging to four subfamilies — Leptoconopinae, Forcipomyinae, Dasyheleinae and Ceratopogoninae. Only Lasiohelea (usually recognised as a subgenus of the genus Forcipomyia) and the genera Leptoconops ( = Holoconops), and most importantly Culicoides of which over 800 species have been described, feed on vertebrates and therefore are considered to be of medical importance. The most important species are Culicoides milnei ( = ? austeni)* C. grahamii, C. furens and Leptoconops becquaerti.
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