Income Distribution

  • Clarence Zuvekas


Since developing countries began to assert themselves forcefully in the world political arena in the mid-1960s, the distribution of income and wealth among nations has been a widely discussed topic.1 The very unequal division of the world’s wealth was vigorously attacked by the developing countries at the first United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 1964. Pressures on the developed countries continued at the three subsequent UNCTAD meetings and in other international forums, where various proposals for international income redistribution have been discussed and declarations calling for a “new international order” have been passed. The oil-producing countries demonstrated in the early 1970s that the developing countries themselves could seize the initiative, and the success of the OPEC cartel has led other developing countries to seek the formation of similar arrangements for other commodities ( see chapter 15) .


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Suggested Readings

  1. Adelman, Irma, and Cynthia Taft Morris. “A Typology of Poverty in 1850.” In Essays on Economic Development and Cultural Change in Honor of Bert F. Hoselitz, ed. Manning Nash. Supplement to Economic Development and Cultural Change, 25 (1977) , 313–343.Google Scholar
  2. Adelman, Irma, and Sherman Robinson. Income Distribution Policy in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Korea. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. Cline, William R. Potential Effects of Income Redistribution on Economic Growth. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. Foxley, Alejandro, ed. Income Distribution in Latin America. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  5. Kuznets, Simon. “Economic Growth and Income Inequality.” American Economic Review, 45 (March 1955), 1–28.Google Scholar
  6. Tinbergen, Jan. Income Distribution: Analysis and Policies. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1975.Google Scholar
  7. United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America. Income Distribution in Latin America. New York, 1970.Google Scholar
  8. Zuvekas, Clarence, Jr. Income Distribution in Latin America: A Survey of Recent Research. Essay Series No. 6. Milwaukee: Center for Latin America, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, July 1975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© C. Zuvekas 1979

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  • Clarence Zuvekas

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