Protecting Statistical and Research Data from Improper Use
The Committee on Data Protection, set up to advise the British government on legislation to protect personal data handled in computers, published its report in December 1978. This recommended that the function of a law on data protection should be different from a law on privacy; rather than establishing rights, it should provide a framework for finding a balance between the interests of three different parties — the individual citizen, the user of the data and the community at large. Legislation (the report suggested) should be introduced to cover all automatic handling in the United Kingdom of personal data by any user, including both the public and private sectors.
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Note and References
- 2.T. Dalenius. Information, Privacy and Statistics. A Topical Bibliography, United States Bureau of the Census, Working Paper No. 41, 1978, Washington DC, US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- 3.The conditions under which individual information is disclosed in published tables of aggregate figures have been investigated by I. P. Fellegi, ‘On the question of statistical confidentiality’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 67, no. 337, March 1972, pp. 7–18,CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- and by T. Dalenius, ‘Towards a methodology for statistical disclosure control’, Sartryck ur Statistisk tidskrift, 5, 1977, pp. 429–44.Google Scholar
- 4.I. P. Fellegi and J. L. Phillips, ‘Statistical confidentiality: some theory and applications to data dissemination’, Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, 3, 1974, pp. 339–409.Google Scholar
- 5.D. G. Horvitz, B. G. Greenberg and J. R. Abernathy, ‘Randomised response: a data-gathering device for sensitive questions’, International Statistical Review, 44, no. 2, 1976, pp. 181–96. The same issue contains six further articles on randomised response together with a printed discussion.CrossRefGoogle Scholar