Introduction

  • H. D. Kumar
  • H. N. Singh
Chapter

Abstract

The algae comprise a large and heterogeneous assemblage of relatively simple plants which have little in common except their characteristic oxygen evolving type of photosynthesis. They exhibit great diversity in size and appearance and are found in freshwater of all kinds, barks, soils, rocks and marine habitats. Many unicellular forms, such as desmids and diatoms, are extremely beautiful microscopic objects. Some of the larger forms, especially the red seaweeds, are highly attractive and when mounted and dried on herbarium sheets appear like paintings.

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Selected References

  1. Fritsch, F. E., The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae, Vol. I, Cambridge Univ. Press, London (1935).Google Scholar
  2. Fritsch, F. E., The present day classification of algae, Bot. Rev., 10, 233–77 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Klein, R. M. and Cronquist, A., A consideration of the evolutionary and taxonomic significance of some biochemical, micromorphological and physiological characters in the thallophytes, Q. Rev. Biol., 42, 105–296 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Raven, P. H., A multiple origin for plastids and mitochondria, Science, Wash., 169, 641–46 (1970).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Round, F. E., The Biology of the Algae, Edward Arnold (Publishers), London (1965).Google Scholar
  6. Smith, G. M., Cryptogamic Botany, Vol. I, Algae and Fungi, 2nd edn., McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York (1955).Google Scholar
  7. Stanier, R. Y. and van Niel, C. B., The concept of a bacterium, Arch. Mikrobiol, 42, 437–66 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Affiliated East-West Press Private Limited 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. D. Kumar
    • 1
  • H. N. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.VaranasiIndia

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